Annaly’s Mortgage Servicing Rights (“MSR”) platform invests in MSR assets, which provide the right to service residential loans in exchange for a portion of the interest payments made on the loans.
Through the hiring of key personnel, procurement of strategic partnerships and build-out of necessary operational infrastructure, Annaly has fully scaled its MSR platform with a portfolio of $1.9 billion in assets. Our MSR portfolio provides complementary cash flows to Annaly’s Agency MBS investments.
What Are Mortgage Servicing Rights (MSR)?
Mortgage servicing rights (MSR) refer to a contractual agreement in which the right to service an existing mortgage is sold by the original mortgage lender to another party that specializes in the various functions involved with servicing mortgages.
Understanding Mortgage Servicing Rights (MSR)
MSRs have ongoing administrative duties that are regularly processed for the entire length of a mortgage. Common rights included are the right to collect mortgage payments monthly, set aside taxes and insurance premiums in escrow, and forward the interest and principal portions to the mortgage lender. In return the servicer is compensated with a specific fee, which is outlined in the contract that has been established and entered into at the beginning of the servicing agreement.
The mortgage payment amount, interest rate, type of loan, and other factors remain the same. As far as the borrower is concerned, only the address to which payments are sent is changed, and you should contact the servicer, rather than your original mortgage lender, with any questions you may have regarding your loan. Your servicer can change at any time, but you should receive notice from your original lender at least 15 days before it happens, and your new servicer should notify you within 15 days of assuming rights as well
Definition and Examples of Mortgage Servicing Rights
Unless you use cash, you’ll need to take out a loan to buy a home. Your lender pays the seller the full amount, then you make installment payments to your lender. The amount of each payment is based on your principal, interest rate, property taxes, and insurance.
In a process called mortgage servicing, your lender collects your mortgage payments, allocates the appropriate amounts toward your principal and interest, and manages your escrow account for your home insurance and property taxes. However, your lender can also outsource those duties to another company by assigning it mortgage servicing rights (MSR). The third party collects monthly payments from borrowers, then sends the payments to the original lender and receives a fee for doing so.
Say you took out a $350,000, 30-year mortgage from a bank. After four years, your bank decides to stop processing mortgage payments. Instead, it contracts out mortgage servicing rights to a third-party company. The new company now has the right to collect your mortgage payments, which it passes along to the bank. It earns a flat fee for this work—which is paid by the bank, not by you.
How Mortgage Servicing Rights Work
When you buy your home, you usually take out a loan from a single mortgage lender. MSRs come in when that lender allows another company to “service” your mortgage by collecting your payment and passing that money back to your mortgage lender.
You’ll get a notice from your new mortgage servicer about the shift, but otherwise, your mortgage won’t change. You’ll pay the same amount as you did when your original lender handled your mortgage servicing, although you’ll need to send payments to a new account or address. However, if you have questions about your mortgage, you’ll need to ask the new servicer, not your original lender.Some banks that issue a large number of mortgages don’t always have the same level of resources to devote to servicing their loans. Contracting out mortgage servicing rights to other companies allows the original bank to devote more employee power to other needs, such as originating more loans to more new homeowners. In addition, not all companies have the workers or expertise to create mortgages. Handling mortgage servicing rights is a niche where other companies—usually smaller ones—can earn money by managing administrative tasks without actually owning mortgages.
- Mortgage servicing rights, or MSRs, are arrangements in which a bank or lender contracts another company to manage, or service, its mortgage agreements with borrowers.
- Third-party companies that take on mortgage servicing rights will collect payments from borrowers and pass them back to the original lender in exchange for a fee paid by that lender.
- The borrower’s mortgage payments will remain the same, although they’ll send their payment to a new account or address.
- If the borrower has questions about their mortgage, they should ask the new servicer, not the original lender